1. What was the original name of  Swami Vivekananda?
    Ans: Narendranath Datta.   (the title VIVEKANAND  was given by Maharaja Ajit Singh of Khetri).
  2. What reason did Rabindranath Tagore renounce the ‘Knighthood ‘ status?  
    Ans: Jallianwla Bagh Massacre.  (Mahatma Gandhi renounce the title of ‘Kesare-Hind”).
  3.  Which among the following Europeans found the sea route to India for the first time?
    Ans: Portuguese. (1st European to enter India and also the last European to leave India in 1961, GOA).
  4. The “Theory of Economic Drain in India” during British imperialism was propounded by_________
    Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji. (also called Grand Old Man of India).
  5. Name of book by Jawaharlal Nehru_________
    Ans: Discovery of India.
  6. Who was called as the father of Indian nationalism?
    Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji. (Dadabhai Naoroji was the first person to use the word ‘SWARAJ’ in INC,1906 CALCUTTA session).
  7. Who coined the word “SWARAJ”?
    Ans: Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
  8. The first Muslim person to be elected President of ‘The Indian National Congress’?
    Ans: Badaruddin Tayabji.
  9. Who participated the least in the Indian National Movement?
    Ans: Princes of the States. (others are the capitalists, Landkordsand Merchants, Government Officials).
  10. The Indian Independence Bill received the Royal Assent on_________
    Ans: 18 JULY,1947.
  11. Who began the Faraizi Movement?
    Ans: Haji Shariatullah.
  12. The partition of Bengal was canceled by_________
    Ans: Lord Harding.
  13. Who introduced the ENGLISH language into our education system?
    Ans: Lord Mackley. (father of English Education).
  14. Who has stopped the Indian age-old SATI tradition?
    Ans: By Lord William Bentick in 1829.
  15. Chairman of ‘The Indian Education Commission(1882)?
    Ans: 1882 Hunter Commission. (talks about Primary Education).
  16. Magna Carta of Education system in India?
    Ans: Wood Despatch.
  17. Who leads the revolt of 1857 in Bihar?
    Ans: Kunwar Singh.
  18. Gandhiji started the Non-Cooperation Movement in?
    Ans: 1st August 1920. (Death anniversary of Bal Gangadhar Tilak)
  19. Who was the first Indian to raise the National Flag during the British period?
    Ans: Madam Bikaji Rustom Cama (Mother of Revolutionary in India).
  20. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel is also called?
    Ans: Iron Man of India.
  21. During which movement ‘SARDAR’ title was given?
    Ans: The Bardoli Satyagraha,1928. (crop taxation movement).
  22. Who was the founder of the Indian National Congress?
    Ans: A.O.Huma.
  23. During the Noncooperation Movement who lead the farmers in Bihar?
    Ans: Swami Vidyanand. (Mahatma Gandhi lead this movement in India, India’s first mass-based movement, launched on 1st August 1920).
  24. When did Jallianwala Bagh Massacre happen?
    Ans: 1919 by Michal-O-Dier. (General lieutenant of Punjab).
  25. The great Bhagat Singh was hanged on?
    Ans: 23rd march 1931, Lahore Pakistan.
  26. Book was written by Bhagat Singh in Jail?
    Ans: Book name was” Why I am Athiest”.
  27. A book written by Lala Lajpat Rai?
    Ans: Unhappy India.
  28. Who was the first woman president of the Indian National Congress?
    Ans: Mrs. Annie Besant,1917 Calcutta Session.
  29. First Indian woman president of INC?
    Ans: Sarojini Naidu,1925 Kanpur Session.
  30. Slogan given in ‘Quit India Movement?
    Ans: ‘Do or Die’ slogan.
  31. Parsi social reformer Bahramji M.Malabar launch his campaign on?
    Ans: Against Child marriage.
  32. After his return from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in__________
    Ans: Champaran, Bihar,1917. (1918-khera Satyagraha, Crop Taxation).
  33. When was Dandi Satyagraha had started?
    Ans: 12 March 1930. (Salt Satyagraha, a total of 79 people participated).
  34. Who gave the slogan of ‘Jai jawan Jai Kisan’?  
    Ans: Lal Bahadur Sastri.
  35. Who was called the ‘Father of Indian Unrest’?
    Ans: Balgangadhar Tilak.
  36. The ‘Swadeshi’ and ‘Boycott’ were adopted as methods of struggle for the first time?
    Ans: Agitation against the partition of Bengal.
  37. The Theory of Economic Imperialism was propounded by?
    Ans: Dadabhai Nairobi.
  38. “Economic History of India” by?
    Ans: R C Dutt.
  39. “Dams are the temple of Modern India” Name the person who has said this statement?
    Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru.
  40. “Father of Civil Services in India”__________
    Ans: Lord Cornwallis.
  41. “Father of All India Services”___________
    Ans: Sardar Ballavbhai Patel (under Article 312).
  42. Who has introduced the ‘Mahalwari system’?
    Ans: Lord William  Bentinck. (This system was introduced in the North-west frontier, Agra, Central Provinces, Gangetic Valley, Punjab, etc. This system was introduced by Holt Mackenzie,1822)
  43. Kalhana’s work” Rajatarangini” is the important source material for the study of which one of the following?
    Ans: Early Medieval Kashmir.
  44. The Indian National Army(INA)came into existence in 1943 in____________
    Ans: Singapore.
  45. What was the main reason for the split of the Indian National Congress at Surat 907?
    Ans: Extremists lack faith in the capacity of the moderate to negotiate with the British.
  46. Who coined the slogan “Inqilab Zindabad”?
    Ans: Bhagat Singh. (In December 1928, Bhagat Singh and an associate, Shivram Rajguru, fatally shot a 21-year old British police officer, John Saunders, in Lahore, Punjab mistaking Saunders, who was still on probation, for the British police James Scott, whom they had intended to assassinate for to take revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai).
  47. The First country in which Buddhism was propagated outside India is____________
    Ans: Sri Lanka (Ceylon). (Ashoka sent his son Mahener and daughter Sangamitra to ceylon).
  48. During the Mughal period which one of the following traders first came to India?
    Ans: English (during the time of Akbar).
  49. The line between Afghanistan and British India called?
    Ans: Durand Line,1893. (by Lord Lansdown, that line is now situated between Pakistan and Afghanistan).
  50. What was the ultimate goal of Mahatma Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha?
    Ans: ’Purna Swaraj’ for India. (Draft prepared by Mahatma Gandhi, started on 12 March 1930—6 April 1930).

Related Post: Important History Questions For Competitive Exams: (Part II)